Summary:Parliamentary officials in Tehran said Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has managed to satisfy the Iranian lawmakers at the end of todays closed-door session in which he and Irans atomic chief briefed the MPs on the results of their last week talks with the six world powers in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Zarif and the Atomic Energy Organiation of Iran (AEOI) Chief Ali Akbar Salehi took part at a closed-door session at the parliament this morning to brief the legislature about the details of the latest round of the nuclear talks with the Group 5+1 (the five permanent UN Security Council members plus Germany) and the joint statement released by the seven nations in Lausanne, Switzerland, on Thursday.
"All together, the MPs voiced satisfaction in Zarifs explanations," Behrouz Nemati, a presiding board member, told FNA on Tuesday.
"There is not much concern among the lawmakers now, and their worries were mostly rooted in the allegations raised by the American side in recent days," he added.
Yet, the lawmaker said the parliament wants the nuclear negotiating team to take good care to draft the text of the final deal in such a way that the US officials would fail to find any excuse for misusing the agreement in future.
"The legislature was convinced by Zarifs remarks because all Islamic Republic bodies and officials want the nuclear achievements of the country, including Arak Heavy Water Reactor and R&D, to be protected, and thank God, these issues have been raised in the Lausanne talks and were also mentioned in the final statement."
"But", he stressed, "the legislature wants the final deal to include objective guarantees for the one-stage removal of the sanctions by the West."
Earlier today, Salehi said that the western states opted to try diplomacy and negotiations with Tehran because of Irans high nuclear capability.
"The AEOI chief told the closed-door session of the parliament today that the Islamic Republic of Iran has acquired such a (high level of) power in the nuclear technology that this very power has forced the western side to see no way out but sitting to the negotiating table with Iran," Gholam-Ali Jafarzade, an MP who was present in the parliaments closed-door session, told FNA after the meeting.
According to Jafarzadeh, Salehi also briefed the lawmakers on the latest conditions of Irans atomic plants and the countrys latest achievements in the nuclear sector.
"Salehi also portrayed an image of Irans nuclear situation and position on the global scene," he added.
According to another lawmaker present in the session, Zarif and Salehi had told the parliament that the country would inject UF6 gas into the latest generation of its centrifuge machines as soon as a final nuclear deal goes into effect by Tehran and the six world powers.
"The AEOI chief and the foreign minister presented hopeful remarks about nuclear technology R&D which, they said, have been agreed upon during the talks (with the six world powers), and informed that gas will be injected into IR8 (centrifuge machines) with the start of the (implementation of the) agreement," member of the parliaments National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Javad Karimi Qoddousi said following the closed-door session at the legislature today.
The lawmaker further pointed out that the Iranian Foreign Ministry also plans to release a Factsheet about the Lausanne statement to stress the concerns of the nation and the MPs, reiterating that the release of this factsheet has been the most important news given to the MPs in todays session.
"This is the most important thing that we should wait for in the next few days so that those issues that have stirred serious concern among the Iranians will be revised and released in this factsheet," he added.
Iran and the G5+1 started their new round of talks in Lausanne, Switzerland, last week to narrow their differences over Tehrans nuclear energy program ahead of a July 1 deadline.
After nine days of hard work, the seven nations reached an understanding on Thursday which laid the ground for them to start drafting the final nuclear deal.
Reading out a joint statement at a press conference with EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini in Lausanne, Switzerland, on Thursday, Zarif said according to the agreement, all the US, EU and UN Security Council sanctions against Iran will be lifted under the final deal.
"Our decision today that will be the agreed base for the final text of the Joint Plan of Action (the final deal) is of vital importance," Zarif said, reading the joint statement at the press conference.
"Now we can start drafting the final agreement and its annexations by relying on the solutions achieved in the last few days," he said after eight days of marathon talks with negotiators from the six world powers.
"As Iran continues its peaceful nuclear program, the degree and capacity of its enrichment and the size of its (enriched uranium) stockpile will be limited for specific periods and Natanz will be the only enrichment center in Iran. Nuclear enrichment R&D on centrifuge machines in Iran will be conducted on the basis of an agreed timeline and level."
Zarif said Fordo will turn from a nuclear enrichment plant to a nuclear, physics and technological center, where Iran will receive international cooperation.
The Iranian foreign minister also said the countrys Arak Heavy Water Reactor will remain in place after being redesigned and renovated through international cooperation, stressing that the facility will remain a Heavy Water Reactor in nature, but will produce plutonium which wont have the capability to be used for nuclear weapons production.
He said "there wont be any reprocessing at the Arak facility and its consumed nuclear fuel will be sent" abroad.
"A collection of arrangements have been agreed for supervising the implementation of the contents of the Joint Plan of Action (final deal) which will include Safeguard Code 3.1 and voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol (to the NPT); the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will also use modern inspection technologies and will be given more agreed access to verify past and present issues," Zarif said.
He said Iran will partner in international nuclear projects, "including power plant and research reactor construction as well as nuclear safety and security".
Zarif stressed that all sanctions against Iran will be lifted.
He said all UN Security Council sanctions resolution against Iran will be annulled as they did not help the settlement of the nuclear standoff between Iran and the six world powers.
"The EU will terminate imposition of its nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions and the United States will also stop implementation of its nuclear-related financial and economic sanctions simultaneous with the implementation of Irans major nuclear undertakings in a way that they are verified by the IAEA," Zarif said.
Zarif said the final deal will be endorsed by a UN Security Council resolution in a move to annul all the previous nuclear-related resolutions against Iran.
He said drafting of the deal will start soon to prepare the Joint Plan of Action by the July 1 deadline.
In a subsequent solo press conference, Zarif warned that Tehran will reciprocate any violation of the final nuclear deal by the six world powers with similar action.
Zarif told reporters that the agreements and the shared understanding developed in the last eight days of talks will be the basis for working out a final nuclear deal after the inclusion of details and mechanisms for implementing them.
Zarif reiterated that a final deal should be worked out in the next three months.
He said Iran is committed to the documents that it signs and expects the six world powers to do the same.
Zarif said work will continue by the seven nations "to proceed based on their present shared understanding", adding that the seven nations should look ahead with optimism "and if any problem arises, we should sit and talk based on mutual respect, and then move ahead".
Asked about Irans possible reaction if the opposite side defies its undertakings under the pretext of having a different interpretation of the solutions gained, he said that the seven nations party to the nuclear talks might present todays agreement in different ways as they see fit.
"What was agreed as different solutions to achieve a comprehensive joint plan of action is based on a win-win approach that will end the sanctions against Iran."
"Irans nuclear program will continue, but we will adopt measures to build confidence at international level," he added.
He said Iran will inspect the opposite sides actions and attitude precisely to verify their compliance with the terms of the final deal, once the document is drafted and put into effect.
"There will be a text on which we will agree and move ahead step by step and all the mechanisms should go into effect article by article. We will be ready to remove any pretext or excuse that could be sought by the western side through logic and reasoning."
"But if lack of action is witnessed, reciprocal measures will be taken," the Iranian foreign minister warned.
Zarif underlined that Irans nuclear R&D will continue and none of Irans nuclear facilities will be shut down.
He repeated that all the US, EU and UN security council sanctions against will be removed.
He said over 5,000 centrifuge machines will work at Natanz to do industrial-scale enrichment for Iran, while around 1,000 more centrifuges will operate at Fordo, but not for industrial-scale uranium enrichment.
He appreciated the Iranian Supreme Leader for his support throughout the talks as well as the head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Akbar Salehi for his technical contribution to the negotiations.