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Law of Marine Areas of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea- Part 02

  3/6/2014

Article 10: Criminal jurisdiction

Prosecution, proceeding and punishment of the crimes committed in the ships passing from the territorial waters are the issues within the jurisdiction of the judicial authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran
A) If the impacts and consequences of the crime are against to the Islamic Republic of Iran.
B) If the committed crime is a disturbance to the internal peace, discipline and tranquillity or against the general discipline of the territorial waters.
C) If the captain of ship or the diplomatic or counsellor envoy of the government owning the flag of ship sues for the assistance or proceeding.
D) If the proceeding and prosecution to challenge against smuggling narcotic drugs is urgently required.

Article 11: Civil jurisdiction

The authoritative officials of the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran can take necessary measures in the following cases, in order to execute remedial abatement and orders of condemnation, to ban, divert the direction or attack the ship and arrest its......
A) While the ship is moving in the territorial; waters, out of the inland waters of Iran.
B) When the ship has stopped in the territorial waters of Iran.
C) When the ship is passing from the territorial waters on the condition that the same ship is the source of remedy of abatement or the order of condemnation and or the obligations arising from its civil responsibility.

CHAPTER TWO

Article 12 : The area under surveillance

The area under surveillance is an area, adjacent to the territorial waters, the external limit of which is 24 nautical miles from the base line.

Article 13: Civil and Punitive jurisdiction

In order to prevent any breach of law and regulations, including regulations pertaining to security customs, marine affairs, finance, immigration, sanitation, environment and prosecution of the offenders, the government of Islamic Republic of Iran will take all necessary actions in the surveillance area.

CHAPTER THREE

Exclusive economic zone and continental Shelf

Article 14: The sovereign right and jurisdiction in Exclusive Economic Zone

The sovereign right and jurisdiction of Islamic Republic of Iran, beyond the marine area, which is called Exclusive Economic Zone are as follow:
A) The discovery, exploitation, protection and management of all living and non-living marine resources laying on and below the sea-bed and above it, as well as any other economic activities pertaining to exploitation of wind and water powers and water currents for generating energy. The rights mentioned in this area are exclusive.
B) adoption and implementation of appropriate law and regulations, specifically for the following operations.
1- Construction and utilization of man-made islands and other installation and complexes, laying under water cables and pipes and determining security zones and taking the related security measures.
2- Performing any kind of research projects
3- Protection and preservation marine environment
C) Exercising the sovereign rights , assigned under the provisions of regional and international agreements.

Article 15: The sovereign rights and jurisdiction in continental shelf

The sovereign rights and jurisdiction of Islamic Republic of Iran over the continental shelf, which is the natural continuation of land territory, including areas over and under the sea-bed laying in the adjacent or beyond the territorial waters of Iran, are exercised on the basis of the provisions of article 14.

Article 16: The forbidden acts and operations.

Operations and exercises of foreign military forces, data collection and any form of activity that runs counter to the interests and rights of Islamic Republic of Iran in the Exclusive Economic zone and continental shelf are forbidden.

Article 17: Activities, discoveries and scientific research.

Any sort of operation, aimed at recapturing the sunken objects, scientific research and investigation in Exclusive Economic Zone and continental shelf is dependant upon the approval of the related officials of Islamic Republic of Iran.





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