19 - Articles which it is possible to transport from place, without causing
to the articles themselves or to their emplacements, are considered movable.
20 - All debts arising out of loans, or the price of things sold, or the rent
of things leased
shall, for purposes of competency of courts, be considered movable, even if the thing
sold or rented is itself immovable
21 - Ships, large and small, boats, mills, and bathhouses, plying on or
or seas, and capable of movement and a II work places which, in view of the manner
of their construction do not form part of a permanent building, shall be
but the attachment of certain of the above - mentioned may, in view of their importance,
be carried out in accordance with special arrangements
22- Building materials such as stone, bricks, etc. which have been prepared for use
or because of some defect have become separated from the building, so long as
not been embodied in the building, shall be considered movable.
Property Which Has No Private Owner
23- The use of a property which has no private owner shall be determined in accordance
with the relevant laws.
24- No one shall take possession of common roads and highways, nor of streets which
have no thoroughfare.
25- No one may take possession of property which serves the common good and which
has no private owner, such as bridges, caravanserais, pubic reservoirs, ancient schools
and public open places. And the same applies to the qanats and wells of which their
use is public.
26-Government property which is subject to public service and welfare such as fortifications,
fortresses, moats, military earthworks, arsenals, weapons, stores, warships and
similarly the furniture and buildings of the Government buildings and telegraph wires,
museums, public libraries, historical monuments and similar objects, in brief whatever
property movable or immovable is in use by the Government for the service of the
.public or the profit of the state, may not privately be owned. And the same
apply to property which shall have been appropriated for the public service of
city or a region or a town.
27 - The properties which are not privately owned and which private individuals, in
accordance with the regulations contained in this law and the especial laws
each particular category, are allowed to take into their possession and
exploit, shall be
termed “mobahat” and under this heading shall come waste lands, that is to say,
have fallen into disuse and on which are neither habitations nor cultivation.
28 - Property of unknown ownership shall be the needs of the poor, subject to
permission or that of a person authorized by him.