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THE CIVIL CODE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN- Part 02

  2/15/2014

                                               Section 2
                             Concerning Movable Property

Article 19 - Articles which it is possible to transport from place, without causing damage either to the articles themselves or to their emplacements, are considered movable.

Article 20 - All debts arising out of loans, or the price of things sold, or the rent of things leased shall, for purposes of competency of courts, be considered movable, even if the thing sold or rented is itself immovable

Article 21 - Ships, large and small, boats, mills, and bathhouses, plying on or situated rivers or seas, and capable of movement and a II work places which, in view of the manner of their construction do not form part of a permanent building, shall be accounted movable, but the attachment of certain of the above - mentioned may, in view of their importance, be carried out in accordance with special arrangements

Article 22- Building materials such as stone, bricks, etc. which have been prepared for use or because of some defect have become separated from the building, so long as they have not been embodied in the building, shall be considered movable.

                                               Section 3
            Concerning Property Which Has No Private Owner

Article 23- The use of a property which has no private owner shall be determined in accordance with the relevant laws.

Article 24- No one shall take possession of common roads and highways, nor of streets which have no thoroughfare.

Article 25- No one may take possession of property which serves the common good and which has no private owner, such as bridges, caravanserais, pubic reservoirs, ancient schools and public open places. And the same applies to the qanats and wells of which their use is public.

Article 26-Government property which is subject to public service and welfare such as fortifications, fortresses, moats, military earthworks, arsenals, weapons, stores, warships and similarly the furniture and buildings of the Government buildings and telegraph wires, museums, public libraries, historical monuments and similar objects, in brief whatever property movable or immovable is in use by the Government for the service of the .public or the profit of the state, may not privately be owned. And the same provisions shall apply to property which shall have been appropriated for the public service of a province, city or a region or a town.

Article 27 - The properties which are not privately owned and which private individualsin accordance with the regulations contained in this law and the especial laws dealing with each particular category, are allowed to take into their possession and exploit, shall be termed “mobahat” and under this heading shall come waste lands, that is to say, lands which have fallen into disuse and on which are neither habitations nor cultivation.

Article 28 - Property of unknown ownership shall be the needs of the poor, subject to the judge’s permission or that of a person authorized by him






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