Summary: Iranian nuclear negotiation team’s mighty presence in talks with six world powers is thanks to country’s scientific nuclear achievements which have turned into country’s points of strength, head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) said Wednesday.
“The matter is not a simple one; each side tries to gain maximum points in its own favor in order to enable themselves to convince their own public opinions and to urged the opposite side to yield, which is a tough job,” Ali Akbar Salehi said in an interview with a national TV station, justifying the reason for the length of the negotiations.
He said that the basis for such talks is logic and sound reasoning, and in order to convince the other side authentic proof is needed, and plans must be presented for acting accordingly.
Salehi said that the most important factor under the current conditions is both sides’ will to resolve the matter, arguing, “Since for a long lack of trust had ruled on both sides, and so in order to re-establish that trust the passage of a certain amount of time is needed.”
Salehi said that the preliminary rounds of the talks thus far have resembled a warm up, so that both sides would get down to business and realize whether both sides have that will, or not.
He said that it seems no as though both sides have stepped forth with a resolute will to resolve the problem, and it is hoped that the remainder of the path, too, would be paved the same way.
** Research and development to continue
He said that one of the best points in this agreement is that it clearly and with no ambiguity notes that there is no limit for research work and development, which is very important.
“The Islamic Republic of Iran presented a new generation of centrifuges to the International Atomic Energy Organization in line with its transparency policy; they objected about the matter, and our friends asked the IAEA to justify its objection logically so that is legal basis will be clear,” he said.
He said that there was no justification for their objection since the research and development chapter is so clear in the agreement that our negotiators could easily convince the other side that their objection had been baseless, and they were eventually convinced.
Salehi’s comments are made under such conditions that now the major powers and Iran have settled on detailed procedures for making it work.
Iran has agreed to stop enriching uranium beyond 5 percent, a level sufficient for energy production. Its stockpile of uranium enriched to 20 percent will be diluted or converted to a less threatening substance.
Iran also agreed not to install new centrifuges, start up any that were not already operating or build new enrichment facilities. It will allow inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency to have unprecedented, in some cases daily, access to some sites.
Once the agency confirms that Iran has begun to take the promised actions, the major powers will suspend certain sanctions so Iran can resume petrochemical exports, trade in gold and other precious metals, and imports of spare parts, especially for airplanes.
The major powers will stop pressuring other countries to reduce oil imports from Iran and will facilitate humanitarian trade, making it easier for Iran to obtain needed medicines and make tuition payments for Iranian students abroad.
Iranian funds frozen in foreign banks amounting to $4.2 billion will be released in increments, beginning with a $550 million payment in February.
The most crippling sanctions will remain in force until a permanent agreement is in place, which will not be any later than a year from January 20, 2014.