Article 1: The definition of terms used in this Code is as follows:
A. Mineral substance: Any natural substance or compound in form of solid gas, liquid or solution in water formed due to geological processes.
B. Ore: Mineral substances of minerals existing in the deposits, bearing economic value.
C. Mineral Deposit: Natural accumulation or concentration of one or more mineral substances occurring below or on the surface or in solution form.
D. Mine: Mineral deposit excavations from which is being economical.
E. Prospecting: Voluntary search with the aim of finding mineral deposits.
It includes such works as the following:
1.Tracing, sampling, qualitative and quantitative analysis.
2. Geological, geophysical and geochemical studies and the like, as well as any activities necessary for such studies.
3. Surface and underground excavations.
4. Determination of the shape, quality and quantity of the mineral deposit and preparation of related maps.
F. Prospecting License. Permit issued by the Ministry of Mines and Metals for undertaking mineral substance prospecting works within a specific area.
G. Exploration Certificate: Following completion of prospecting work and exploration of ore, it is a Confirmation letter issued by the Ministry of Mines and Metals under the name of the holder of the prospecting License.
H. Exploitation: The series of activities undertaken for the purpose of extracting, dressing and hence providing salable mineral substances
I. Mining Lease Holder: Natural or juridical person , including governmental, cooperative and private, holding prospecting License from the Ministry of Mines and Metals.
J.Extraction: The Series of activities undertaken for the purpose of separation of ore from the deposit and transferring it to the mineral depot.
K. Short-Term Exploitation Permit: Is a Permit issued by the Ministry of Mines and Metals for the supply of construction materials, required for construction purposes, short - term exploitation of colluvium , limited and minimal deposits and laboratory processes.
L. Government Duties: Government revenue coming from the imposition of taxes of any exploration or exploitation mining unit.
M. Ore Dressing: All physical, chemical or physico-chemical processes undertaken with the aim of purification or modification of the extracted ore.
N. Processing: Includes secondary and final stages of alterations or modifications carried out, in order to render the extracted minerals, suitable raw materials for industry.
O. Depot: Area outside extraction workshops, tunnels and pits where in extracted minerals are collected.
P. Tailings: Undesired materials separated from ore as a result of extraction or dressing.
Q. Ordinary Sands: Sands not containing valuable minerals or the dressing of which is not economical and which are mainly used in construction industry or as aggregate in concrete, etc.
R. Ordinary Clay: Soil used for making ordinary (non-refractory) bricks and mud bricks. It can also as well as well as for agricultural purposes be used in construction and road making.
S. Industrial Soil: Soil with various industrial uses due to specific Physical or chemical properties.
T. Crushed & Construction Stone: Various stones existing in nature which do not contain ores separable under the present conditions, the processing of which is not common or economical, is not considered as decorative stone by the Ministry of Mines and Metals and is generally used in building foundations, stone walls, road construction, parapets and the likes thereof.
U. Decorative Stone: Crystalline and non-crystalline sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks, not containing ores separable under the present conditions and the processing of which, such as section and burnish, is not common and economical, such as marble, maremor, travertine, granite and the likes thereof.
V. Exploitation License: Permit issued by the Ministry of Mines and Metals for mine exploitation within specific boundaries.
W. Exploitation Proposal: Proposal wherein details of executive plans for mine exploitation, schedule of works and other data, on the basis of the mine identification card, are stated by mining lease holders, on the special forms issued by the Ministry of Mines and Metals.
X. Unclaimed Mines: Mines without mining lease holders, the assignment of which is permissible by virtue of this Code.
Article 2: According to Articles 44 and 45 of the Constitution, the responsibility to assume the right of eminent domain of the state over the mines of the country and protection of mineral reserves as well as issuance of permit for mining activities in this Code, supervision of the aforesaid affairs and provision of means for development of mining activities, facilitating the achievement of added value of mineral raw materials, development of exports of minerals with added value, creation of employment opportunities in this sector and causing the enhancement of the share of the mining sector in the economic and social development of the country is vested upon the Ministry of Mines and Metals. Exercise of the aforesaid eminent domain may not prevent exercise of ownership of natural and juridical persons within the framework of the regulations.