Crime is a personal action.
The prosecution, arrest, and detention of an accused and the execution of penalty can not affect another person.
No act is considered a crime, unless determined by a law adopted prior to the date on which the offense is committed.
No person can be pursued, arrested or detained but in accordance with provisions of law.
No person can be punished but in accordance with the decision of anauthorized court and in conformity with the law adopted before the dateof offense.
No citizen of Afghanistan accused of acrime can be extradited to a foreign state unless according mutual agreement and international conventions that Afghanistan has joined.
No Afghan would be sentenced to deprivation of citizenship or to exile inside the country or abroad.
Torture of human beings is prohibited.
Noperson, even with the intention of discovering the truth, can resort to torture or order the torture of another person who may be under prosecution, arrest, or imprisoned or convicted to punishment.
Punishment contrary to human integrity is prohibited.
Any statement, testimony, or confession obtained from an accused or of another person by means of compulsion are invalid.
Confession to a crime is: a voluntary confession before an authorized court by an accused in a sound state of mind.
Every person upon arrest can seek an advocate to defend his rights or to defend his case for which he is accused under the law.
The accused upon arrest has the right to be informed of the attributed accusation and to be summoned to the court within the limits determined by law.
In criminal cases, the state shall appoint an advocate for a destitute.
The duties and authorities of advocates shall be regulated by law.
Being in debt does not limit a person's freedom or deprive him of his liberties.
The mode and means of recovering a debt shall be regulated by law.
The citizens of Afghanistan have the right to elect and be elected.
Law regulates the conditions and means to exercise this right.
Freedom of expression is inviolable.
Every Afghan has the right to express his thought through speech, writing, or illustration or other means, by observing the provisions stated in this Constitution.
Every Afghan has the right to print or publish topics without prior submission to the state authorities in accordance with the law.
The law will regulate directives related to printing house, radio, television, press, and other mass media.
The citizens of Afghanistan have the right to form social organizations for the purpose of securing material or spiritual aims in accordance with the provisions of the law.
The citizens of Afghanistan have the right to form political parties in accordance with the provisions of the law, provided that:
1. The program and charter of the party are not contrar