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COUNCIL OF EUROPE-Part 01

  6/14/2012
Summary:The European Convention on Human Rights

ROME 4 November 1950

and its Five Protocols

PARIS 20 March 1952

STRASBOURG 6 May 1963

STRASBOURG 6 May 1963

STRASBOURG 16 September 1963

STRASBOURG 20 January 1966


Contents

·  The European Convention on Human Rights

·         Preamble
Article [
1]

·         SECTION I
Articles [
2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18]

·         SECTION II
Article [
19]

·         SECTION III
Articles [
20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37]

·         SECTION IV
Articles [
38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56]

·         SECTION V
Articles [
57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66]

·         Conclusion

·  Protocols

·         1.Enforcement of certain Rights and Freedoms not included in Section I of the Convention
Preamble
Articles [
1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]
Conclusion

·         2.Conferring upon the European Court of Human Rights Competence to give Advisory Opinions
Preamble
Articles [
1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Conclusion

·         3.Amending Articles 29, 30, and 94 of the Convention
Preamble
Articles [
1] [2] [4]
Conclusion

·         4.Protecting certain Additional Rights
Preamble
Articles [
1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Conclusion

·         5.Amending Articles 22 and 40 of the Convention
Preamble
Articles [
1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
Conclusion


THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND ITS FIVE PROTOCOLS


The European Convention on Human Rights

The Governments signatory hereto, being Members of the Council of Europe,

Considering the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 December 1948;

Considering that this Declaration aims at securing the universal and effective recognition and observance of the Rights therein declared;

Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is the achievement of greater unity between its Members and that one of the methods by which the aim is to be pursued is the maintenance and further realization of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;

Reaffirming their profound belief in those Fundamental Freedoms which are the foundation of justice and peace in the world and are best maintained on the one hand by an effective political democracy and on the other by a common understanding and observance of the Human Rights upon which they depend;

Being resolved, as the Governments of European countries which are like-minded and have a common heritage of political traditions, ideals, freedom and the rule of law to take the first steps for the collective enforcement of certain of the Rights stated in the Universal Declaration;

Have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE 1

The High Contracting Parties shall secure to everyone within their jurisdiction the rights and freedoms defined in Section I of this Convention.

SECTION I

ARTICLE 2

  1. Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law. No one shall be deprived of his life intentionally save in the execution of a sentence of a court following his conviction of a crime for which this penalty is provided by law.
  2. Deprivation of life shall not be regarded as inflicted in contravention of this article when it results from the use of force which is no more than absolutely necessary:
    • (a) in defence of any person from unlawful violence;
    • (b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent escape of a person lawfully detained;
    • (c) in action lawfully taken for the purpose of quelling a riot or insurrection.

ARTICLE 3

No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

ARTICLE 4

  1. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude.
  2. No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
  3. For the purpose of this article the term forced or compulsory labour' shall not include:
    • (a) any work required to be done in the ordinary course of detention imposed according to the provisions of Article 5 of this Convention or during conditional release from such detention;
    • (b) any service of a military character or, in case of conscientious objectors in countries where they are recognized, service exacted instead of compulsory military service;
    • (c) any service exacted in case of an emergency or calamity threatening the life or well-being of the community;
    • (d) any work or service which forms part of normal civic obligations. 

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